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Version: 6.0


For development purposes it might come handy to enable logging and debug mode:

return MikroORM.init({
debug: true,

By doing this MikroORM will start using console.log() function to dump all queries:

[query] select `e0`.* from `author` as `e0` where `e0`.`name` = ? limit ? [took 2 ms]
[query] begin [took 1 ms]
[query] insert into `author` (`name`, `email`, `created_at`, `updated_at`, `terms_accepted`) values (?, ?, ?, ?, ?) [took 2 ms]
[query] commit [took 2 ms]

It is also useful for debugging problems with entity discovery, as you will see information about every processed entity:

[discovery] ORM entity discovery started
[discovery] - processing entity Author
[discovery] - using cached metadata for entity Author
[discovery] - processing entity Book
[discovery] - processing entity BookTag
[discovery] - entity discovery finished after 13 ms

Disabling colored output

To disable colored output, you can use the colors option in the ORM config, or one of the following environment variables:


Logger Namespaces

There are multiple Logger Namespaces that you can specifically request, while omitting the rest. Just specify array of them via the debug option:

return MikroORM.init({
debug: ['query'], // now only queries will be logged

Currently, there are 5 namespaces – query, query-params, schema, discovery and info.

If you provide query-params then you must also provide query in order for it to take effect.


Previously Highlight.js was used to highlight various things in the CLI, like SQL and mongo queries, or migrations or entities generated via CLI. While the library worked fine, it was causing performance issues mainly for those bundling via webpack and using lambdas, as the library was huge.

Since v4, highlighting is disabled by default, and there are 2 highlighters you can optionally use (you need to install them first).

import { SqlHighlighter } from '@mikro-orm/sql-highlighter';

highlighter: new SqlHighlighter(),
// ...

For MongoDB you can use MongoHighlighter from @mikro-orm/mongo-highlighter package.

Logger Customization

Several customization options exist to allow for style changes or custom logic.

Query Labels

It may often be beneficial to log the origin of a query when using EntityManager.find or EntityManager.findOne for debugging and redundancy elimination purposes.

An optional logging.label option can be included within the FindOptions parameter of either call which will add a label to the output when debug mode is enabled.

const author = await em.findOne(Author, { id: 1 }, { logging: { label: 'Author Retrieval - /authors/me' } });
// [query] (Author Retrieval - /authors/me) select "a0".* from "Author" as "a0" where "a0"."id" = 1 limit 1 [took 21 ms]

Changing debugMode or disabling logging for specific queries

If you'd like to disable logging or change the debug mode on a per-query basis, you can leverage FindOptions.logging and its enabled or debugMode property:

// MikroORM.init({ debug: true });
const author = await em.findOne(Author, { id: 1 }, { logging: { enabled: false } });
// Overrides config and displays no logger output

// ...

// MikroORM.init({ debug: false });
const author = await em.findOne(Author, { id: 1 }, { logging: { enabled: true } });
// Overrides config and displays logger output

// ...

// MikroORM.init({ debug: ['query-labels'] });
const author = await em.findOne(Author, { id: 1 }, { logging: { debugMode: ['query'] } });
// Overrides config and displays logger output for query

Using a custom logger

You can provide your own logger function via the logger option:

return MikroORM.init({
debug: true,
logger: msg => myCustomLogger.log(msg),

Using a custom LoggerFactory

If you want more control over what is logged and how, use the loggerFactory option in your config and extend the SimpleLogger class, extend the DefaultLogger class, or make your Logger from scratch:

Extending DefaultLogger or SimpleLogger

You can extend the DefaultLogger or SimpleLogger instead of implementing everything from scratch. DefaultLogger and SimpleLogger are both exported from the @mikro-orm/core package with SimpleLogger being colorless.

class CustomLogger extends DefaultLogger {
log(namespace: LoggerNamespace, message: string, context?: LogContext) {
// Create your own implementation for output:
console.log(`[${namespace}] (${context.label}) ${message}`);

// OR Utilize DefaultLogger's implementation:
super.log(namespace, message, context)

return MikroORM.init({
debug: true,
loggerFactory: (options) => new CustomLogger(options),

To use SimpleLogger instead, simply replace DefaultLogger in the example above:

class CustomLogger extends SimpleLogger {
// ...

Creating a custom logger from scratch

You can use loggerFactory and use your own implementation of the Logger interface:

import { Logger, LoggerOptions, MikroORM, Configuration } from '@mikro-orm/core';

class MyLogger implements Logger {
// ...

const orm = await MikroORM.init({
debug: true,
loggerFactory: (options) => new MyLogger(options),

The Logger interface is defined as follows:

interface Logger {
log(namespace: LoggerNamespace, message: string, context?: LogContext): void;
error(namespace: LoggerNamespace, message: string, context?: LogContext): void;
warn(namespace: LoggerNamespace, message: string, context?: LogContext): void;
logQuery(context: LogContext): void;
setDebugMode(debugMode: boolean | LoggerNamespace[]): void;
isEnabled(namespace: LoggerNamespace, context?: LogContext): boolean;

type LoggerNamespace = 'query' | 'query-params' | 'schema' | 'discovery' | 'info';

interface LogContext extends Dictionary {
query?: string;
label?: string;
params?: unknown[];
took?: number;
level?: 'info' | 'warning' | 'error';
enabled?: boolean;
debugMode?: LoggerNamespace[];
connection?: {
type?: string;
name?: string;

Providing additional context to a custom logger

If you have implemented your own LoggerFactory and need to access additional contextual values inside your customer logger implementation, utilize the loggerContext property of FindOptions. Adding additional key/value pairs to that object will make them available inside your custom logger:

const res = await em.findAll(Author, { loggerContext: { meaningOfLife: 42 } });

// ...

class CustomLogger extends DefaultLogger {
log(namespace: LoggerNamespace, message: string, context?: LogContext) {
// 42

The logger context can be also set on EntityManager level, e.g. via em.fork():

const fork = em.fork({
loggerContext: { meaningOfLife: 42 },
const res = await fork.findAll(Author); // same as previous example

The default logger context of EntityManager contains the fork id, this way you can tell which EntityManager instance issued what queries.