Version: 4.0

Filters

MikroORM has the ability to pre-define filter criteria and attach those filters to given entities. The application can then decide at runtime whether certain filters should be enabled and what their parameter values should be. Filters can be used like database views, but they are parameterized inside the application.

Filter can be defined at the entity level, dynamically via EM (global filters) or in the ORM configuration.

Filters are applied to those methods of EntityManager: find(), findOne(), findAndCount(), findOneOrFail(), count(), nativeUpdate() and nativeDelete().

The cond parameter can be a callback, possibly asynchronous.

@Entity()
@Filter({ name: 'expensive', cond: { price: { $gt: 1000 } } })
@Filter({ name: 'long', cond: { 'length(text)': { $gt: 10000 } } })
@Filter({ name: 'hasAuthor', cond: { author: { $ne: null } }, default: true })
@Filter({ name: 'writtenBy', cond: args => ({ author: { name: args.name } }) })
export class Book {
...
}
const books1 = await orm.em.find(Book, {}, {
filters: ['long', 'expensive'],
});
const books2 = await orm.em.find(Book, {}, {
filters: { hasAuthor: false, long: true, writtenBy: { name: 'God' } },
});

Parameters

You can define the cond dynamically as a callback. This callback can be also asynchronous. It will get two arguments:

  • args - dictionary of parameters provided by user
  • type - type of operation that is being filtered, one of 'read', 'update', 'delete'
@Entity()
@Filter({ name: 'writtenBy', cond: async (args, type) => {
if (type === 'update') {
return {}; // do not apply when updating
}
return { author: { name: args.name } };
} })
export class Book {
...
}
const books = await orm.em.find(Book, {}, {
filters: { writtenBy: { name: 'God' } },
});

Filters without parameters

If we want to have a filter condition that do not need arguments, but we want to access the type parameter, we will need to explicitly set args: false, otherwise error will be raised due to missing parameters:

@Filter({
name: 'withoutParams',
cond(_, type) {
return { ... };
},
args: false,
default: true,
})

Global filters

We can also register filters dynamically via EntityManager API. We call such filters global. They are enabled by default (unless disabled via last parameter in addFilter() method), and applied to all entities. You can limit the global filter to only specified entities.

Filters as well as filter params set on the EM will be copied to all its forks.

// bound to entity, enabled by default
em.addFilter('writtenBy', args => ({ author: args.id }), Book);
// global, enabled by default, for all entities
em.addFilter('tenant', args => { ... });
// global, enabled by default, for only specified entities
em.addFilter('tenant', args => { ... }, [Author, Book]);
...
// set params (probably in some middleware)
em.setFilterParams('tenant', { tenantId: 123 });
em.setFilterParams('writtenBy', { id: 321 });

Global filters can be also registered via ORM configuration:

MikroORM.init({
filters: { tenant: { cond: args => ({ tenant: args.tenant }), entity: ['Author', 'User'] } },
...
})

Using filters

We can control what filters will be applied via filter parameter in FindOptions. We can either provide an array of names of filters you want to enable, or options object, where we can also disable a filter (that was enabled by default), or pass some parameters to those that are expecting them.

By passing filters: false we can also disable all the filters for given call.

em.find(Book, {}); // same as `{ tenantId: 123 }`
em.find(Book, {}, { filters: ['writtenBy'] }); // same as `{ author: 321, tenantId: 123 }`
em.find(Book, {}, { filters: { tenant: false } }); // disabled tenant filter, so truly `{}`
em.find(Book, {}, { filters: false }); // disabled all filters, so truly `{}`

Filters and populating of relationships

When populating relationships, filters will be applied only to the root entity of given query, but not to those that are auto-joined. On the other hand, this means that when you use the default loading strategy - LoadStrategy.SELECT_IN - filters will be applied to every entity populated this way, as the child entities will become root entities in their respective load calls.

Naming of filters

When toggling filters via FindOptions, we do not care about the entity name. This means that when you have multiple filters defined on different entities, but with the same name, they will be controlled via single toggle in the FindOptions.

@Entity()
@Filter({ name: 'tenant', cond: args => ({ tenant: args.tenant }) })
export class Author {
...
}
@Entity()
@Filter({ name: 'tenant', cond: args => ({ tenant: args.tenant }) })
export class Book {
...
}
// this will apply the tenant filter to both Author and Book entities (with SELECT_IN loading strategy)
const authors = await orm.em.find(Author, {}, {
populate: ['books'],
filters: { tenant: 123 },
});
Last updated on by Martin Adámek