Version: 4.1

Separating Concerns using Embeddables

Support for embeddables was added in version 4.0

Embeddables are classes which are not entities themselves, but are embedded in entities and can also be queried. You'll mostly want to use them to reduce duplication or separating concerns. Value objects such as date range or address are the primary use case for this feature.

Embeddables needs to be discovered just like regular entities, don't forget to add them to the list of entities when initializing the ORM.

Embeddables can only contain properties with basic @Property() mapping.

For the purposes of this tutorial, we will assume that you have a User class in your application and you would like to store an address in the User class. We will model the Address class as an embeddable instead of simply adding the respective columns to the User class.

@Entity()
export class User {
@Embedded()
address!: Address;
}
@Embeddable()
export class Address {
@Property()
street!: string;
@Property()
postalCode!: string;
@Property()
city!: string;
@Property()
country!: string;
}

When using ReflectMetadataProvider, you might need to provide the class in decorator options: @Embedded(() => Address) or @Embedded({ entity: () => Address }).

In terms of your database schema, MikroORM will automatically inline all columns from the Address class into the table of the User class, just as if you had declared them directly there.

Initializing embeddables

In case all fields in the embeddable are nullable, you might want to initialize the embeddable, to avoid getting a null value instead of the embedded object.

@Embedded()
address = new Address();

Column Prefixing

By default, MikroORM names your columns by prefixing them, using the value object name.

Following the example above, your columns would be named as address_street, address_postal_code...

You can change this behaviour to meet your needs by changing the prefix attribute in the @Embedded() notation.

The following example shows you how to set your prefix to myPrefix_:

@Entity()
export class User {
@Embedded({ prefix: 'myPrefix_' })
address!: Address;
}

To have MikroORM drop the prefix and use the value object's property name directly, set prefix: false:

@Entity()
export class User {
@Embedded({ entity: () => Address, prefix: false })
address!: Address;
}

This part of documentation is highly inspired by doctrine tutorial as the behaviour here is pretty much the same.

Last updated on by Martin Adámek